My research is at the intersection of autonomy (autonomous systems), systems engineering, and safety. See my descriptions and projects below (click through the Venn Diagram).

Research Areas

systems engineering

MBSE, systems theory

Concept Development and Architecting of Complex Systems

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controls, planning, decisions

Development of Safe Autonomous and Cyber-Physical Systems

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assurance, cyber-security

Methods and theory for engineering safe and secure systems

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Peer Reviewed Journal Articles

  • G. Bakirtzis, B. Simon, A. Collins C. Fleming and C. Elks. Data Driven Vulnerability Exploration for Design Phase Analysis. IEEE Systems Journal. DOI: 10.1109/JSYST.2019.2940145. Impact Factor: 4.463. URL

  • K. Rand M. Kurth, C. Fleming, I. Linkov. A resilience matrix approach for measuring and mitigating disaster-induced population displacement International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. accepted for publication. Impact Factor: 2.568.

  • B. Carter, G. Bakirtzis, C. Elks, C. Fleming. Systems-Theoretic Security Requirements Modeling for Cyber-Physical Systems. Systems Engineering. 2019; Volume 22, Pages 411-421. DOI: 10.1002/sys.21504. URL

  • Carter B., Adams S., Bakirtzis G., Sherburne T., Beling P., Horowitz B., Fleming C. A Preliminary Design-Phase Security Methodology for Cyber-Physical Systems. Systems. 2019; 7(2):21 URL

  • Sun, M., Rand, K., and Fleming C. 4 Dimensional Waypoint Generation for conflict-free Trajectory Based Operation. Aerospace Science and Technology. Impact Factor: 2.228. URL

  • Jafarzadeh, H. and Fleming C. An Exact Geometry-Based Algorithm for Path Planning. International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science 28.3 (2018): 493-504. Impact Factor: 1.694. URL

  • Boyer, R.; Scherer, W.; Fleming C.; Connors, C.; and Whitehead, N. A Human-Machine Methodology for InvestigatingSystems Thinking in a Complex Corpus IEEE Systems Journal, Sept 2018 Vol: 12, Issue:3 Pp: 2937-2948, DOI: 10.1109/JSYST.2017.2725920. Impact Factor: 4.337.URL

  • Fleming C. and Leveson, N.G. Early Concept Development and Safety Analysis of Future Transportation Systems, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Vol. 17, No. 12 (2016), pp. 3512-3523. Impact Factor: 4.051. URL

  • Fleming C. and Leveson, N. Improving Hazard Analysis and Certification of Integrated Modular Avionics, AIAA Journal of Aerospace Information Systems, Vol. 11, No. 6 (2014), pp. 397-411. Impact Factor: 0.892. URL

  • Ishimatsu, T., Leveson, N.G., Thomas, J.P., Fleming C., Katahira, M., Miyamoto, Y., Ujiie, R., Nakao, H. and Hoshino, N. Analysis of Complex Spacecraft Using Systems Theoretic Process Analysis, AIAA Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, Vol. 51, No. 2 (2014), pp. 509-522. URL

  • Fleming C.; Spencer, M.; Leveson, N.; and Wilkinson, C. Safety assurance in NextGen and complex transportation systems, Safety Science, Volume 55, June 2013, Pages 173-187. URL

Peer Reviewed Conference Proceedings

  • M. Sun; S. Abraham; N. Singh; C. Fleming. Waypoint-based Flight-deck Interval Management, 2020 AIAA SciTech Forum, January 2020. Accepted.

  • Max Bergman, Stephen Adams, Tim Sherburne, Cody Fleming, Peter Beling. Active Learning to Improve Static Analysis, 18th IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications - ICMLA 2019, Florida, December 2019. Accepted. Acceptance rate: TBD% URL

  • Jafarzadeh, H. and Fleming C. Learning Model Predictive Control for Connected Autonomous Vehicles, 58th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, Nice, France, December 2019. Accepted. URL

  • Minghui Sun, Xiyuan Ge, Cody Fleming, Guaranteed Conflict: when speed advisory doesn't work for Time-based Flow Management, Thirteenth USA-Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar (ATM2019), Vienna, Austria, June 2019. URL

  • Jasmine Sekhon and Cody Fleming, Towards Improved Testing For Deep Learning, 41st ACM-IEEE International Conference on Software Engineering, ICSE 2019, New Ideas and Emerging Results. Acceptance rate: 27% URL

  • Elahe Soltanaghaei, Mahmoud Elnaggar, Katie Kleeman, Kamin Whitehouse, Cody Fleming. Characterizing Uncertainties of Wireless Channels in Connected Vehicles, MobiCom 2019, The 25th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking Posters & Demos, Oct 21-25, 2019.

  • Charles Rogers, Jonathan Bugg, Chris Nyheim, Will Gebhardt, Brian Andris, Evan Heitman, and Cody Fleming Adversarial Artificial Intelligence for Overhead Imagery Classification Models, SIEDS ‘19 IEEE Systems and Information Engineering Design Symposium, Charlottesville, VA, April 2019.

  • G. Bakirtzis, B. Simon, C. Fleming, and C. Elks. Looking for a Black Cat in a Dark Room: Security Visualization for Cyber-Physical System Design and Analysis, IEEE Symposium on Visualization for Cyber Security (VizSec), Berlin, Germany, October 2018. Acceptance rate: 35% URL

  • Bashiri, M., Jafarzadeh, H., and Fleming C. PAIM: Platoon-based Autonomous Intersection Management, 2018 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference (ITSC 2018), Hawaii, November 2018. URL

  • Sun, M., Ge, X., and Fleming C. Resolving a Dilemma: Guaranteeing Conflict-free 4D-Trajectories While Leaving Autonomy to Airlines, 2018 IEEE-AIAA 37th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), London, UK, September 2018. URL

  • R. Bailey, C.H. Fleming, W.T. Scherer, M.C. Smith, W.H. Guilford, J.W. Lark, III, D. Elzey, S. Russell, S. Acton, B.L. Smith. Integrating Systems Approaches into Education Using Active Case Studies, Frontiers in Education 2018, San Jose, CA USA, October 2018. URL

  • S. Adams, B. Carter, C. Fleming, P.A. Beling. Selecting System Specific Cyber-Security Attack Patterns using Topic Modeling, 17th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications (IEEE TrustCom-18), New York, NY USA, August 2018. Acceptance rate: 16% URL

  • B. Carter, C. Fleming, C. Elks, and G. Bakirtzis. Cyber-Physical Systems Modeling for Security Using SysML. CSER 2018:16th-Annual Conference on Systems Engineering, Charlottesville, VA USA, May 2018. URL

  • B. Carter, G. Bakirtzis, C. Elks, C. Fleming, A Systems Approach for Eliciting Mission-Centric Security Requirements, 12th Annual IEEE International Systems Conference SYSCON, Vancouver BC, Canada, April 2018. URL

  • G. Bakirtzis, B.T. Carter, C.R. Elks, C.H. Fleming, A Model-Based Approach to Security Analysis for Cyber-Physical Systems, 12th Annual IEEE International Systems Conference SYSCON, Vancouver BC, Canada, April 2018. URL

  • Mahmoud Elnaggar, Kamin Whitehouse and Cody Fleming. Bayesian Wireless Channel Prediction for Safety-Critical Connected Autonomous Vehicles, Bayesian Deep Learning Workshop – NIPS 2018.

  • J. Rowley, A. Liu, S. Sandry, J. Gross, M. Salvador, C. Anton, and C. Fleming, Examining the Driverless Future: An Analysis of Human-Caused Vehicle Accidents and Development of an Autonomous Vehicle Communication Testbed, SIEDS ‘18, IEEE Systems and Information Engineering Design Symposium, Charlottesville, VA, April 2018. URL

  • Bashiri, M. and Fleming C. A Platoon-Based Intersection Management System for Autonomous Vehicles, 2017 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV 2017), Redondo Beach, CA, June 2017. URL

  • Fleming C. Systems Theory and a Drive Towards Model-based Safety Analysis, 11th Annual IEEE International Systems Conference, special session on Theoretical Foundations of Systems Engineering (THEFOSE), Montreal, Quebec, April 2017. URL

  • Calhoun, Z., Maribojoc, P., Selzer, N., Procopi, L., Bezzo, N., and Fleming, C. Analysis of Identity and Access Management alternatives for a multinational information-sharing environment. In Systems and Information Engineering Design Symposium (SIEDS), 2017 (pp. 208-213). IEEE, April 2017. URL

  • Fleming C. A Systems-theoretic Approach to Early Concept Development, SMC2016, 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Budapest, Hungary, October 2016. URL

  • Bains, P.; Ferris, K.; Gregoire, J.; Kim, J.; Kozloski, J.; Lazenby, J.; Ofiesh, D.; Shank, E.; Wu, K.; Beling, P.; and Fleming C. Risk Analysis of Globalized Airline Supply Chains, SIEDS ‘16, IEEE Systems and Information Engineering Design Symposium, Charlottesville, VA, April 2016. URL

  • Fleming, C.; Leveson, N. Integrating Systems Safety into Systems Engineering during Concept Development, 25th Annual INCOSE International Symposium 2015, Seattle, WA, July 2015. URL

  • Fleming C.; Leveson, N. Including Safety during Early Development Phases of Future Air Traffic Management Concepts, URL Eleventh USA-Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar (ATM2015), Lisbon, Portugal, June 2015.

  • Leveson, N.; Fleming C.; Thomas, J.; Wilkinson, C. A Comparison of SAE ARP 4761 and STPA Safety Assessment Processes, 23rd Safety-critical Systems Symposium (SSS’15), Bristol, UK, February 2015.

  • Fleming C. Model-based Concept Development and Safety Driven Design, Informatik 2014: Big Data, Stuttgart, Germany, September 2014.

  • Fleming C.; Leveson, N.G.; Placke, M.S. Assuring Safety of NextGen Procedures, Tenth USA-Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar (ATM2013), Chicago, IL, June 2013. URL

  • Leveson, N.G.; Fleming C.; Spencer, M.; Thomas, J.; Wilkinson, C. Safety Assurance of Complex, Software-Intensive Systems, SAE 2012 Aerospace Electronics and Avionics Systems Conference, October 2012. URL

  • Fleming C.; Ishimatsu, T.; Miyamoto, Y.; Nakao, H.; Katahira, M.; Hoshino, N.; Thomas, J; Leveson, N. Safety-Guided Spacecraft Design, 11th International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety, October 2011.

  • Ishimatsu, T.; Leveson, N.; Fleming C.; Katahira, M.; Miyamoto, Y.; Nakao, H. Multiple Controller Problem, 11th International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety, Versailles, France, October 2011.

Technical Reports and Other Publications

  • Bakirtzis, G. and Fleming, C., Cyber-physical System Safety and Security in the Nuclear Power Plant Context, ANS Student Conference, 2019.

  • Beling P, Horowitz B, Fleming C, Adams S, Bakirtzis G, Carter B, Sherburne T, Elks C, Collins A, Simon B. Model-based Engineering for Functional Risk Assessment and Design of Cyber Resilient Systems. University of Virginia Charlottesville United States; 2019 Feb 22.

  • Horowitz B, Beling P, Fleming C, Adams S, Carter B, Sherburne T, Elks C, Bakirtzis G, Shull F, Mead NR. Cyber Security Requirements Methodology. Stevens Institute of Technology Hoboken United States; 2018 Jul 26.

  • Bakirtzis, G.; Carter, B.; Elks, C.; and Fleming, C. Cyber Assurance Assessment Using Systems and Control Theory, 26th USENIX Security Symposium (USENIX Security ’17), Vancouver, BC, Canada, August 2017.

  • Rand, K. and Fleming, C. Population Migration & Infrastructure Resilience: A Review of Theory and Practice, 26th SRA-Europe Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, June 2017.

  • Horowitz B, Beling P, Fleming C, Adams S, Carter B, Vemuru K, Elks C, Bakker T, Cios K, Bakirtzis G, Collins A. Security Engineering FY17 Systems Aware Cybersecurity. Stevens Institute of Technology Hoboken United States; 2017 Dec 7.

  • Leveson, N.; Wilkinson, C.; Fleming C.; and Thomas, J. A Comparison of STPA and the ARP 4761 Safety Assessment Process, MIT Technical Report, June 2014.

  • Fleming C.; Placke, M.S.; and Leveson, N. STPA Analysis of NextGen Interval Management Components, FAA Technical Report, September 2013.

  • Fleming C.; Spencer, M.; Thomas, J.; Leveson, N.; and Wilkinson, C. Mission Assurance in NextGen Technologies, NASA Technical Report, March 2012.

  • An STPA Primer Version 1, August 2013. (Contributed to companion book of Engineering a Safer World, Leveson 2011).